Response mechanism – COBERM http://coberm.net/ Sun, 23 Jan 2022 02:20:52 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://coberm.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-13-120x120.png Response mechanism – COBERM http://coberm.net/ 32 32 104th meeting of Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism held in Ergneti https://coberm.net/2022/01/21/104th-meeting-of-incident-prevention-and-response-mechanism-held-in-ergneti/ Fri, 21 Jan 2022 11:59:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2022/01/21/104th-meeting-of-incident-prevention-and-response-mechanism-held-in-ergneti/ The 104th meeting of the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism took place yesterday in Ergneti, under the co-facilitation of Ambassador Marek Szczygiel, Head of the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM), and Ambassador Viorel Mosanu, newly appointed Special Representative of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office for the South Caucasus. During the meeting, participants focused on ongoing detention […]]]>

The 104th meeting of the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism took place yesterday in Ergneti, under the co-facilitation of Ambassador Marek Szczygiel, Head of the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM), and Ambassador Viorel Mosanu, newly appointed Special Representative of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office for the South Caucasus.

During the meeting, participants focused on ongoing detention cases and discussed the impact that the prolonged closure of crossing points and the COVID-19 pandemic continue to have on communities affected by the conflict.

The parties also discussed the most recent security developments at the Administrative Boundary Line (ABL), including cases of “borderisation”, as well as the situation in the Chorchana-Tsnelisi region.

The co-facilitators of the meeting expressed concern about the increase in the number of detentions in recent weeks and called for a humanitarian approach to all cases of detention.

The next IPRM meeting is scheduled for March 4th.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) reported that another meeting was also held in Ergneti earlier today, regarding three people declared missing by the Ossetian side after the 2008 Russo-Georgian war – Alan Khugayev, Alan Khachirov and Sultan Pliev.

The meeting was technically organized by the EUMM in Georgia, however, EUMM representatives did not participate in the meeting.

The President of the Georgian Young Lawyers Association (GYLA), Nika Simonishvili, attended the meeting. He confirmed that the meeting was linked to three missing persons, adding that “other details of the meeting are confidential”.

The Ossetian side searches in vain for those who have been missing for fourteen years. International experts were also implicated in the case.

RFE/RL reports that the Georgian prosecutor’s office was carrying out an investigation and that the relatives of the disappeared have been interviewed, but so far they have found no trace.

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Bawumia inaugurates Ghanaian center for coordination of early warning and response mechanism https://coberm.net/2021/11/14/bawumia-inaugurates-ghanaian-center-for-coordination-of-early-warning-and-response-mechanism/ Sun, 14 Nov 2021 07:10:10 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/11/14/bawumia-inaugurates-ghanaian-center-for-coordination-of-early-warning-and-response-mechanism/ Vice President Bawumia launches Ghana Early Warning Coordination Center Vice-President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia on Friday launched the Ghana National Center for the Coordination of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism and commissioned the Centre’s offices in Accra. The creation of the center follows the approval by the Heads of State and Government of the West […]]]>
Vice President Bawumia launches Ghana Early Warning Coordination Center

Vice-President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia on Friday launched the Ghana National Center for the Coordination of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism and commissioned the Centre’s offices in Accra.

The creation of the center follows the approval by the Heads of State and Government of the West African Economic States (ECOWAS) during its 45th ordinary session held in Accra.

The activities of the center will be oriented towards the detection, monitoring and analysis of conflict indicators and the production of reports.

During the launching ceremony, Vice President Bawumia said that the work of the center focuses on five thematic areas, including crime and criminality; governance and human rights; health and pandemics; social, economic and environmental; and security, terrorism and the seas.

He said: “The center will produce situation reports, monthly and quarterly reports on the security situation, annual reports on the peace and security situation, including monthly policy briefs on the country. , among other incident reports. The reports will be shared with the ECOWAS Commission and Member States.

To ensure the existence of the center through political regimes, the center is established by an Act of Parliament referred to as the National Coordination Center for the Early Warning and Response Mechanism 2021, Law 1070 adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Ghana on August 6. , 2021, and subsequently promulgated by the President. The law establishes a legal framework for the operation and administration of the center.

warning center
warning center

Emphasizing the need for such a center, Dr Bawumia said the threat of terrorism and other related activities, as well as natural disasters, made it imperative to put in place early warning systems to enable governments and other international organizations to prepare for any eventuality.

“Not so long ago, threats of terrorism would have been considered remote. Too quickly, the sub-region is threatened by terrorism and violent extremism. What began in parts of West Africa and parts of the Sahel over two decades ago as the insurgency, has turned into terrorism and the situation has allowed the growth of the extremism and other related criminal activities.

In addition to internal security challenges, the sub-region faces threats from the spread of extremism, terrorism, political upheaval, transnational organized crime, climate change, disease and pandemics. Preventing and mitigating the potential negative effects of such threats and crises requires a robust early warning system, ”said the Vice President.

The role of the center observed by Dr Bawumia is to warn the government of threats to human security, to propose appropriate actions, and to coordinate and monitor the implementation of the response to the alert. national and regional level.

He assured that the center would be well positioned as a national strategic center of excellence that will inform decision making to respond to crises in Ghana and West Africa. Final element

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Bawumia launches Ghana Early Warning and Response Mechanism Coordination Center https://coberm.net/2021/11/13/bawumia-launches-ghana-early-warning-and-response-mechanism-coordination-center/ Sat, 13 Nov 2021 15:53:48 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/11/13/bawumia-launches-ghana-early-warning-and-response-mechanism-coordination-center/ Vice-President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia launched the Ghana National Center for the Coordination of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism and mandated the Center’s office in Accra. The creation of the Center follows the approval by the Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS at its 45th Ordinary Session held in Accra. ECOWAS member states have […]]]>

Vice-President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia launched the Ghana National Center for the Coordination of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism and mandated the Center’s office in Accra.

The creation of the Center follows the approval by the Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS at its 45th Ordinary Session held in Accra. ECOWAS member states have since started to establish national early warning and response centers.

The activities of the Center will focus on the detection, monitoring and analysis of conflict indicators and the production of reports.

At the launch in Accra on Friday, November 12, 2021, the vice president said that the work of the Center focuses on five thematic areas, namely crime and criminality; Governance and human rights; Health and pandemics; social, economic and environmental; and Security, Terrorism and the Maritimes.

“The Center will produce situation reports, monthly and quarterly reports on the security situation, annual reports on the peace and security situation, including monthly country policy briefs, among other reports. incidents. The reports will be shared with the ECOWAS Commission and member states, ”he revealed.

In order to guarantee the existence of the Center through political regimes, the Center is created by an act of Parliament called the National Coordination Center of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism 2021, Law 1070.

It was adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Ghana on August 6, 2021 and then promulgated by the President. The law establishes a legal framework for the operation and administration of the Center.

Stressing the need for such a center, Dr Bawumia said the threat of terrorism and other related activities, as well as natural disasters, made it imperative to put in place early warning systems to enable governments and other international organizations to prepare for any eventuality.

“Not so long ago, threats of terrorism would have been considered remote. Too quickly, the sub-region is threatened by terrorism and violent extremism. What began in parts of West Africa and parts of the Sahel more than two decades ago as the insurgency has turned into terrorism and the situation has allowed the growth of the extremism and other related criminal activities.

“In addition to internal security challenges, the sub-region faces threats from the spread of extremism, terrorism, political upheaval, transnational organized crime, climate change, disease and pandemics. Preventing and mitigating the potential negative effects of such threats and crises requires a robust early warning system.

“The role of the Center is to warn the government of threats to human security, to propose appropriate actions, to coordinate and to ensure the follow-up of the implementation of the response to the alert both at the national level. than regional.

“We are confident that with the necessary guidance and other support, the Ghana Center would be well positioned as a national strategic center of excellence that will inform decision-making to respond to the crisis in Ghana and Africa. Where is. “


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Australia Launches Wholesale Demand Response Mechanism, Enel X First To Join https://coberm.net/2021/10/25/australia-launches-wholesale-demand-response-mechanism-enel-x-first-to-join/ Mon, 25 Oct 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/10/25/australia-launches-wholesale-demand-response-mechanism-enel-x-first-to-join/ An Enel X battery storage project in New York, United States. Image: Enel X. Smart energy solutions company Enel X celebrated being the first demand response service provider in Australia to enter a new opportunity to provide flexibility to the National Electricity Market (NEM). The new Wholesale Demand Response Mechanism (WDRM) rule change was developed […]]]>
An Enel X battery storage project in New York, United States. Image: Enel X.

Smart energy solutions company Enel X celebrated being the first demand response service provider in Australia to enter a new opportunity to provide flexibility to the National Electricity Market (NEM).

The new Wholesale Demand Response Mechanism (WDRM) rule change was developed and launched by the Australian Energy Regulator (AER) and went into effect yesterday (October 24) in the wholesale market overseen and managed by the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO).

This is a long-term mechanism to encourage demand response, allowing electricity consumers to sell their demand response capacity in the NEM as a new category of market players, the demand response service provider (DRSP).

Essentially allowing PRSPs to submit allocation offers for their wholesale demand response unit, or aggregate units, for trading purposes, this will allow AEMO to better manage electricity supply and demand. on the network.

The rule change comes shortly after the introduction of Five Minute Settlement (5MS) in the NEM wholesale market, which has been described as a “massive” creator of opportunities for battery storage and which has also grown. produced this month.

Enel X said this morning that it recorded demand response resources last Thursday. Its assets in Australia include a Virtual Power Plant (VPP), aggregating distributed energy resources (DER) and electrical equipment across a growing number of commercial and industrial (C&I) customer facilities.

The company, essentially the digital and smart DER arm of Italian energy multinational Enel Group, said its participating customers would compete with traditional power plants in the spot market, being paid to reduce their energy consumption when they are called to do so.

VPP and other C&I customer projects include battery storage resources, as well as standby generators and flexible charging assets such as pumps, compressors and fans. Enel X said its VPP has registered more than 250 MW for participation in the reserve frequency control service (FCAS) markets in the NEM.

“Today marks an important milestone for the wholesale market and an opportunity for companies to generate a significant new source of revenue while supporting Australia’s most affordable path to decarbonization,” said Jeff Renaud, Manager by Enel X Asia and Oceania.

“Progressive organizations recognize the importance of developing demand response capacities to support their sustainability goals and seize this opportunity. The market urgently needs new flexible resources to balance renewables and replace the shrinking coal production. Demand response is the most cost effective resource available, and we strive to maximize its use to ensure the affordability and reliability of electricity during the transition to renewables.


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Rapid response mechanism to protect conservationists established under the Aarhus Convention https://coberm.net/2021/10/22/rapid-response-mechanism-to-protect-conservationists-established-under-the-aarhus-convention/ Fri, 22 Oct 2021 08:08:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/10/22/rapid-response-mechanism-to-protect-conservationists-established-under-the-aarhus-convention/ A decision establishing a rapid response mechanism for the protection of environmental defenders was adopted by the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice. environmental justice (Aarhus Convention) at its seventh session. in Geneva, October 21, 2021. It is the first such mechanism […]]]>

A decision establishing a rapid response mechanism for the protection of environmental defenders was adopted by the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice. environmental justice (Aarhus Convention) at its seventh session. in Geneva, October 21, 2021.

It is the first such mechanism specifically protecting environmental defenders to be established within a legally binding framework, whether within the United Nations system or another intergovernmental structure. The decision marks an important step for the advancement of environmental democracy, helping to defend the universal right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment – as recognized by the Human Rights Council earlier this month.

The 46 countries in the pan-European region and the European Union that are Parties to the Convention have agreed to establish a mechanism in the form of a Special Rapporteur on Environmental Defenders under the Aarhus Convention to provide rapid response to alleged violations. The role of the rapporteur is to take measures to protect any person who is or is the subject of an imminent threat of punishment, persecution or harassment for having attempted to exercise their rights under the Convention. Aarhus.

Whether it is groups protesting against the construction of a dangerous dam or individuals speaking out against harmful agricultural practices in their local community, conservationists are essential to preserving the environment through the world. Under Article 3 (8) of the Aarhus Convention, Parties shall ensure that persons exercising their rights in accordance with the provisions of the Convention are not penalized, persecuted or harassed in any way for their benefit. involvement. It is crucial that environmental defenders can exercise their rights under the Convention without fear. Sadly, parties, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other stakeholders have reported shocking cases in which environmentalists face dismissals, surveillance, heavy fines, threats and intimidation, criminalization, detention, violence and even murder for their environmental work. .

Incidents of harassment and violence against environmental defenders are far from rare. A report to the Human Rights Council by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Ms. Mary Lawlor, found that one in two registered human rights defenders killed in 2019 had worked with communities on issues of land, environment, impact of business activities. , poverty and the rights of indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants and other minorities. Among the Parties to the Aarhus Convention, incidents of persecution, punishment and harassment of environmental defenders have been reported in 16 countries since January 2017. For example, in 2020, after denouncing an oil project, two Environmental defenders in France have been harassed by authorities, including detentions at airports and house searches. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2019, peaceful female protesters were subjected to excessive police force and misdemeanor charges, as well as being denied appropriate medical treatment, due to their environmental and human rights activism . This not only violated their rights under the Aarhus Convention and threatened their safety, but also likely deterred others from exercising their environmental rights. A report by a civil society representative in Ukraine said “at least 55 activists have been attacked in total since early 2017 and more than 40 in the past 12 months.” More worryingly, in 2019 two forest rangers were killed for trying to thwart illegal logging in Romania’s forests, and scores of others were injured or harassed. Global Witness has recorded that 1,539 environmental activists were killed between 2012 and 2020 globally, which is widely viewed as a blatant underestimation due to widespread underreporting.

Unlike the existing initiatives on environmental defenders, which operate primarily by exerting political pressure through press releases and media statements, the Aarhus Convention’s rapid response mechanism relies on a legal framework. binding and does not require that available domestic remedies be exhausted first. Any member of the public, Party to the Aarhus Convention or the secretariat may lodge a complaint with the Special Rapporteur. Given that time is running out when it comes to the precarious safety of environmental defenders, complainants can file a complaint even if domestic remedies (lengthy court cases, etc.) have not yet been completed. exhausted, and may maintain confidentiality when providing information on violations of Article 3 (8) of the Convention.

The Special Rapporteur has a variety of tools to resolve complaints and protect environmental defenders quickly and effectively, which may include taking immediate and ongoing protective measures, using diplomatic channels, issuing public statements, or the transmission of the case to the attention of other competent human rights bodies, and the governments and heads of state concerned. The protective measures will be adapted to each situation; this could mean that it will list several actions that the Party concerned is invited to take to ensure that environmental defenders are not subjected to further persecution, sanctions and harassment.

In addition, the rapporteur will play a proactive role in raising awareness of the rights of environmental defenders under the Aarhus Convention and will cooperate with other human rights bodies and organizations.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said: “I remain deeply concerned about the targeting of environmental activists. I applaud your efforts to put in place a rapid response mechanism to protect conservationists. This is an important contribution to help advance my Human Rights Call to Action ”. He recalled that “twenty years ago, the Aarhus Convention entered into force, bridging the gap between human and environmental rights. Today, as the devastating effects of climate change continue to ravage the world, the main purpose of the Convention – to enable people to protect their well-being and that of future generations – has never been more critical.

UNECE Executive Secretary Olga Algayerova hailed the creation of the rapid response mechanism, saying: “This landmark decision is a clear signal to conservationists that they will not be left unprotected. This demonstrates a new level of commitment to upholding the rights of the public under the Aarhus Convention, as well as the willingness of Parties to respond effectively to serious and real-time challenges encountered in the implementation of the Convention on ground.

Austria and Ireland announced their commitment to co-lead the rapid response mechanism, and parties agreed to hold a special session of the Meeting of the Parties in 2022 to elect the Special Rapporteur.

/ Public distribution. This material is from the original organization / authors and may be ad hoc in nature, edited for clarity, style and length. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author (s). See it in full here.


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Ireland to help provide ‘rapid response mechanism’ to ‘conservationists’ https://coberm.net/2021/10/22/ireland-to-help-provide-rapid-response-mechanism-to-conservationists/ Fri, 22 Oct 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/10/22/ireland-to-help-provide-rapid-response-mechanism-to-conservationists/ Ireland must lead a global effort to put in place a ‘rapid response mechanism’ to protect ‘conservationists’ – people who are being persecuted for raising concerns about environmental damage in which they live. Human rights organization Global Witness recorded 1,539 environmental defenders killed between 2012 and last year around the world, a figure widely viewed […]]]>

Ireland must lead a global effort to put in place a ‘rapid response mechanism’ to protect ‘conservationists’ – people who are being persecuted for raising concerns about environmental damage in which they live.

Human rights organization Global Witness recorded 1,539 environmental defenders killed between 2012 and last year around the world, a figure widely viewed as a blatant understatement due to underreporting.

The government is to provide 50 percent of the funding – approximately $ 100,000 (€ 85,000) per year for the next four years in partnership with Austria – to support the establishment and operation of the mechanism.

It will operate under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Aarhus Convention. The announcement coincided with a meeting of the parties to the convention in Geneva.

Incidents of persecution, criminalization and harassment of environmental defenders have been reported in 16 countries party to the convention since January 2017.

Environment Minister Eamon Ryan said Ireland’s commitment was “an expression of solidarity with conservationists across Europe and neighboring regions… we hope it can also serve as a model of best practice in other regions ”.

“This will ensure that people exercising their rights, in accordance with the provisions of the convention, are not penalized, persecuted or harassed in any way,” he said.

The mechanism, added Mr. Ryan, “will make the light of justice shine in dark corners. He will ask the party authorities to uphold the rule of law. It will be a voice for the women and men who are often the last line of defense for our land, our air, our forests, our waters and our wetlands ”.

‘Deeply concerned’

Attracta Uí Bhroin, Vice-President of the European Environment Bureau, said she wished to “warmly applaud this commitment from Ireland and Austria, which speaks volumes about a renewed and concrete commitment to the convention – and the right to be able to exercise rights under the convention without fear of persecution or harassment ”.

It also sends a strong message to conservationists around the world, she said. Although it applies in the UNECE region, “it is hoped that it will influence the establishment of similar mechanisms in other regions, where they are also needed in an increasingly desperate collective struggle to defend an environment without borders ”.

Ms. Uí Bhroin has often criticized the government on environmental issues but on this occasion she wished to salute her action.

Addressing this week’s meeting, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said he remained “deeply concerned about the targeting of environmental activists” and welcomed efforts to protect them.

“Twenty years ago, the Aarhus Convention entered into force, bridging the gap between human and environmental rights,” he said.

“Today, as the devastating effects of climate change continue to ravage the world, the main purpose of the Convention – to enable people to protect their well-being and that of future generations – has never been more critical. “

Mr. Ryan also confirmed Ireland’s support for the Geneva Declaration on Environmental Democracy for Sustainable, Inclusive and Resilient Development.

“As we face the next decade of challenges in achieving our sustainable development goals, enabling our citizens to actively participate in large-scale land use planning and infrastructure development processes is more important than ever. It is time for the Geneva Declaration to reaffirm the human rights and environmental principles of the Aarhus Convention.

Meanwhile, the government is to co-sponsor a United Nations Human Rights Council resolution that recognizes “a right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment”. The resolution, which for the first time clarifies the law, was recently adopted by the council.

“The co-sponsorship of this resolution (…) demonstrates Ireland’s support for climate change mitigation and adaptation around the world,” Ryan said. “It also strengthens climate change mitigation and adaptation here in Ireland. Ensuring the quality of our environment is implicit in our own government agenda.

Recognizing this fundamental right is particularly important now, he added. “The world’s attention is rightly focused on climate action, as we will see at COP26 in Glasgow. Closer to home, we will be launching the 2021 Climate Action Plan in the coming weeks. It will outline the practical steps we need to take to achieve our own climate goals. “

Foreign Minister Simon Coveney noted that this important bill of rights “gives momentum to our international efforts to address pressing environmental and climate issues”.

This helps to strengthen the conditions for an effective investment of Ireland’s contributions to climate and environmental finance, he said. “These contributions support and lead essential adaptation work in the countries most affected today by the climate and biodiversity crisis.


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The bill on the National Coordination Center of Response Mechanisms is scheduled for possible passage tomorrow https://coberm.net/2021/08/30/the-bill-on-the-national-coordination-center-of-response-mechanisms-is-scheduled-for-possible-passage-tomorrow/ Mon, 30 Aug 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/08/30/the-bill-on-the-national-coordination-center-of-response-mechanisms-is-scheduled-for-possible-passage-tomorrow/ A bill to create the National Coordination Center for the Response Mechanism is expected to be finalized in the Senate tomorrow, August 31. The bill suffered a setback last week when Sinoe County Senator J. Milton Teahjay introduced a reconsideration motion that on Tuesday was due to finalize for a possible passage. The Liberian Senate […]]]>

A bill to create the National Coordination Center for the Response Mechanism is expected to be finalized in the Senate tomorrow, August 31.

The bill suffered a setback last week when Sinoe County Senator J. Milton Teahjay introduced a reconsideration motion that on Tuesday was due to finalize for a possible passage.

The Liberian Senate had voted earlier to establish the National Center for the Coordination of the Response Mechanism (NCCRM).

The Plenary’s decision was triggered by a report from the Joint Committee on Autonomous Commissions and Agencies and the Judiciary as well as Human Rights, Claims and Petitions recommending the approval of Senators for the establishment of the Center. .

The bill was submitted to the Liberian Senate by President George M. Weah and then forwarded to the Joint Committee for consideration, advice and recommendation for future action by the Senate plenary.

The Center in question, according to the Joint Committee, was established in July 2016 by the Government of Liberia under Executive Decree No. 76 in response to Article 58 (f) of the 1993 ECOWAS Revised Security Treaty. regional.

As a result, Executive Decree # 76 was extended on September 17, 2017 by promulgating Executive Decree # 88 for another year.

In its report, the Joint Committee acknowledged that, based on the mandate of the Plenary, it invited the Head of the ECOWAS Secretariat in Liberia and the current leadership of the National Coordination Center of the Rapid Response Mechanism, as well as the Minister of Foreign Affairs at a hearing to motivate the creation of the said institution.

The center, once enacted, will focus on six thematic areas, including governance and human rights, gender, security, crime and criminality, health and the environment.

During deliberations, the Joint Committee agreed that statutory members of the Council should not be remunerated in any way, while non-statutory members may receive allowances and per diems. The members of the Board of Directors of the Center should be odd (unequal) members and that the Executive Director and two Deputy Executive Directors, one for administration and one for operations, hold positions subject to confirmation by the Senate and no at the will and pleasure of the president.

“After a careful review of the bill, the Joint Commission found that the Center had been operational since November 4, 2017 but was officially launched on February 6, 2018. The Government of Liberia adopted by the Head of State Authority of ECOWAS issued Decrees No. 76 and No. 88 to establish the NCCRM ”, underlined the joint committee.

Although Senator Teahjay’s reconsideration motion prevented passage of the bill, the joint committee, in its recommendation, however mentioned in the report that with the amendments, the findings showed sufficient justifications for the passage of the bill. The Act to Establish the National Coordination Center of Response Mechanisms (NCCRM).



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USMCA Rapid Response Mechanism debuts https://coberm.net/2021/07/08/usmca-rapid-response-mechanism-debuts/ Thu, 08 Jul 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/07/08/usmca-rapid-response-mechanism-debuts/ Story In 2019, Mexico passed a labor reform bill intended to meet the requirements of the labor provisions agreed to in the United States-Mexico-Canada agreement, which went into effect on July 1, 2020. Passing the bill and ratifying the USMCA, Mexico agreed to implement and enforce workers’ rights, including freedom of association and the right […]]]>

Story

In 2019, Mexico passed a labor reform bill intended to meet the requirements of the labor provisions agreed to in the United States-Mexico-Canada agreement, which went into effect on July 1, 2020. Passing the bill and ratifying the USMCA, Mexico agreed to implement and enforce workers’ rights, including freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining.

Prior to the passage of the USMCA, Mexican unions could be recognized without employee approval and were often established before employees were hired. These “protective unions” have been criticized for negotiating minimum benefits on behalf of settlement workers and for protecting the interests of the establishment and the ruling political party rather than workers. Attempts to dismantle protection unions were met with swift retaliation and even the imprisonment of a prominent labor lawyer, Susana Prieto. Under Mexico’s new labor law, unions must obtain at least 30% approval to be officially recognized. The USMCA goes further by requiring that Mexican legislation include elections by secret ballot. (It’s a little ironic that in the union-backed PRO law, organized labor seeks to undermine secret ballot elections in the United States) Mexico has set a four-year deadline from 2019 to implement labor reforms. Specifically, Mexico has three years to transfer all collective agreements to the Federal Center for Conciliation and Labor Registration (Federal Center) and four years for the Federal Center to begin conciliation operations (SHRM). The Federal Center is responsible for registering trade unions. Despite this grace period, the nation faces complaints for alleged violations that occurred, in part, before the USMCA took effect.

Under the USMCA, new labor complaints can now be brought by one country against another and adjudicated using the Rapid labor response mechanism (RRLM). The complaining party must believe, in good faith, that workers at a covered facility have been denied the right to free association and collective bargaining. The RRLM, in theory, allows the two nations to resolve the complaint either through a mutually agreed resolution or through a resolution awarded by a jointly appointed panel. Currently, this agreement exists between the United States and Mexico and Mexico and Canada, but not between the United States and Canada.

The first two complaints using the RRLM were filed in May this year. The AFL-CIO filed a complaint against Tridonex on May 10 and the US Trade Representative filed a complaint against GM on May 12.

Covered facility

A Covered Installation is a Priority Sector Installation in the territory of the Party that produces a good or provides a service that is either traded between the two Parties or competes in the territory of the other Party. Every Mexican facility that is a priority sector facility is subject to complaints and the RRLM. On the other hand, the USMCA provides that only US facilities in the priority sector that are “under the enforcement order of the National Labor Relations Board” (NLRB) can be the subject of complaints. The limited number of vulnerable US facilities makes filing a complaint against a facility in Mexico much more likely than filing a complaint against a facility in the United States

Tridonex case

The AFL-CIO, the SEIU, the Sindicato Nacional Independiente de Trabajadores de Industrias y de Servicios Movimiento 20/32 (SNITIS) and Public Citizen filed a case under the USMCA RRLM against Tridonex. The auto parts plant is located in Tamaulipas, Mexico, and its parent company, Cardone Industries, is based in Philadelphia. The complaint alleges that Tridonex violated the right of workers to organize and bargain collectively. These rights are protected by the labor provisions of the USMCA. Specifically, the complaint states that workers were harassed and more than 600 fired for trying to organize with SNITIS rather than the Matamoros Assembly and the Maquiladora Workers’ Union (SITPME). , the union currently in place.

According to Reuters, Cardone Industries denied the allegations and called for a full investigation to take place. SITPME President Jesus Mendoza also denied the allegations, assuring that SITMPE has the full support of Tridonex employees.

The AFL-CIO sent its complaint to the Labor Interagency Committee for Monitoring and Enforcement (ILC) — co-chaired by U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Katherine Tai and Department of Labor Secretary Marty Walsh. The ILC determined on June 10 that the complaint was credible. In turn, the USTR took the matter to the Mexican government and asked Mexico to reconsider the complaint. On June 19, Mexican officials informed the United States that the country would review the matter. Mexico must report the results of the review to the United States by July 24, 2021. If the Mexican government determines that workers have indeed suffered a denial of rights, the two nations will consult to develop a mutually agreed upon resolution. it does not interrupt the trade. If remedies are not agreed upon, the USTR may request the formation of the panel. Similarly, if the Mexican government’s review concludes without a finding of denial of rights, the USTR may request the formation of the panel.

In the event that a panel is formed (detailed information on the formation and confirmation of the panel can be found here), the Panel has 30 days to determine whether a denial of rights has occurred and, if requested by Mexico, provide recommendations to remedy it. Remedial action must be equal to the seriousness of the violation and may include penalties or suspension of preferential tariff treatments on goods or services provided by the facility in question – in this case, Tridonex. In serious cases, remedies may include refusal of entry of the goods.

GM case

On May 12, 2021, Ms. Tai announcement that the United States used the RRLM in asking Mexico to review a denial of rights at a General Motors (GM) plant in Guanajuato, Mexico. the request alleges that workers at the GM plant have been denied the right to free association and collective bargaining. The request specifically asks Mexico to review the case and attempt to remedy within 45 days if it is determined that the facility has denied workers rights. Mexico agreed to the request, and GM condemned any violations of labor rights and denied that such violations took place at the plant. On June 28, Mexico officially notified the United States that it believed a denial of rights had occurred at the GM plant, prompting the two countries to begin a 10-day consultation period. to agree on a repair plan. Mexico has also asked the GM plant to hold a new vote on the union contract by August 20, 2021 or terminate the contract. At this point, remedial courses are speculative. It is possible that GM holding a new vote will satisfy the US complaint and the RRLM will end. Alternatively, tariffs may be imposed on GM trucks imported into the United States. Either way, the process and conclusion of the GM and Tridonex deals should be watched carefully.

Mexico’s response

Mexico also made allegations about labor practices in the United States. First, Esteban Moctezuma Barragan, Mexican Ambassador to the United States, wrote a letter to Labor Secretary Marty Walsh accusing the United States of neglecting the rights of migrant workers in the agriculture and agribusiness industries. In his letter to Walsh, Moctezuma alleged that the United States was denying Mexican migrant workers overtime pay, minimum wages, the right to organize and bargain collectively, that American facilities were not respecting the mandates of health and safety and that cases of sexual harassment and violence were not handled appropriately. Moctezuma demands that the United States guarantee labor rights under the USMCA to migrant workers and work with Mexico to address his concerns.

Second, a group of Mexican women filed a complaint against the United States alleging violation of sex discrimination laws. As in the Tridonex case, the Mexican government must consider the women’s claims and formally take the case to the United States under the USMCA. It should be noted that Mexico will need to provide specific examples of denial of rights occurring at a covered facility in order for the RRLM to be used.

Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Labor Affairs Thea Lee responded to Mexico’s complaints at the first USMCA Labor Council meeting held on June 29. During the meeting, Lee declared that the United States takes Mexico’s allegations “very seriously” and has described the harassment suffered by migrant workers as “absolutely unacceptable”. The rights of migrant workers became one of the main topics discussed at the meeting, along with forced labor, the implementation of Mexican labor laws and the future cooperation of nations within the USMCA. The next meeting must take place within two years.

While the House is and was an advocate for the USMCA at large, these early uses of the USMCA RRLM raise concerns about the lack of due process protections found in the Labor Agreement and Settlement Chapters. disputes. By responding to the AFL-CIO’s petition, the Labor Committee is allowing remedies to be imposed on an institution for an alleged denial of rights that occurred before the USMCA took effect. Additionally, the current interim procedural guidance does not allow the facility to be included in any consultation or remediation efforts resulting from a review, nor do the guidelines allow the facility to submit evidence or to attempt to remedy the problem itself. In short, the RRLM in its current form is an exclusionary and untapped tool that has the ability to violate legitimate rights protections and set a dangerous precedent. Before moving forward with the following petitions, final procedural guidelines that establish a transparent and inclusive process must be issued.

The results of these cases are not yet known. What we do know is that Lee’s goal is for the RRLM to encourage companies to consider whether their labor practices comply with the USMCA. Read the House’s comments on the USMCA labor meeting here, and dive deeper into the USMCA RRLM process here.

About the authors

Stephanie Ferguson

Senior Manager, Employment Policy

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Teamsters applaud first USMCA Rapid Response Mechanism Labor Law Complaint https://coberm.net/2021/05/10/teamsters-applaud-first-usmca-rapid-response-mechanism-labor-law-complaint/ Mon, 10 May 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2021/05/10/teamsters-applaud-first-usmca-rapid-response-mechanism-labor-law-complaint/ WASHINGTON, May 10, 2021 / PRNewswire / – The Teamsters Union has applauded the announcement of the first labor complaint filed under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) Rapid Response Mechanism. The complaint, filed by the AFL-CIO, the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) and the Sindicato Nacional Independiente de Trabajardores de Industrias y de Servicios Movimiento […]]]>

WASHINGTON, May 10, 2021 / PRNewswire / – The Teamsters Union has applauded the announcement of the first labor complaint filed under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) Rapid Response Mechanism. The complaint, filed by the AFL-CIO, the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) and the Sindicato Nacional Independiente de Trabajardores de Industrias y de Servicios Movimiento (SNITIS), concerns labor law violations at Tridonex, a factory in auto parts based in Mexico.

The complaint will be the first test of the labor reforms included in the USMCA. Tridonex workers were reportedly denied their right to organize for more than two years and were reportedly harassed and dismissed for their union activities.

“This deposit is a critical test of the USMCA’s rapid response mechanism,” said the general chairman of the Teamsters. Jim hoffa. “Part of the intention of the labor reforms included in this trade agreement was to raise the standards of Mexico and empower workers seeking union representation in the workplace. How? ‘Or’ What Mexico treats its workers has an impact on all workers North America. Every worker in the United States, Canada and Mexico deserves a safe workplace free from intimidation and persecution. “

Tridonex, subsidiary of Philadelphia creamBased at Cardone Industries Inc., manufactures auto parts that are sold in the United States. The company sacked more than 600 workers who wanted to organize with the independent union SNITIS. The campaign began in 2019 after workers were unhappy with the representation they received from Tridonex’s “protection union”. Protection unions in Mexico are generally controlled by the company and offer little or no actual representation of the workforce.

“Tridonex uses dirty stuff to deprive Mexican workers of a decent life. In doing so, they are taking away the wages and working conditions of people across North America. We do not have any trade with companies like Tridonex as long as they do not respect the rights of the workers ”, declared the president of Teamsters Canada, François The door. “Plus, Canadians at Brookfield Asset Management, the company that ultimately controls Tridonex, should be ashamed that so many workers have been abused under their watch. Brookfield to take steps to ensure that their businesses meet at least the minimum standards of the USMCA. “

Founded in 1903, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters represents 1.4 million working men and women across United States, Canada and Porto Rico. Visit www.teamster.org for more information. Follow us on Twitter @Teamsters and “like us” on Facebook at www.facebook.com/teamsters.

Contact:
Galien Munroe, (202) 439-7427
[email protected]

SOURCE International Brotherhood of Teamsters

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Indian Ocean region working group meets today for effective response mechanism https://coberm.net/2020/12/17/indian-ocean-region-working-group-meets-today-for-effective-response-mechanism/ Thu, 17 Dec 2020 08:00:00 +0000 https://coberm.net/2020/12/17/indian-ocean-region-working-group-meets-today-for-effective-response-mechanism/ As more than 120 warships from extra-regional forces are currently deployed to the Indian Ocean region (IOR) in support of various missions, a key meeting of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium working group takes place Thursday to have more effective response mechanisms. Launched in 2008, the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) is a 26-nation voluntary […]]]>

As more than 120 warships from extra-regional forces are currently deployed to the Indian Ocean region (IOR) in support of various missions, a key meeting of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium working group takes place Thursday to have more effective response mechanisms.

Launched in 2008, the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) is a 26-nation voluntary initiative that aims to increase maritime cooperation between navies of riparian states in the Indian Ocean region by providing an open and inclusive forum for the discussion of relevant maritime issues at the regional level. .

This is the fifth meeting of the IONS working group, attended by Australia, Bangladesh, France, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Maldives, Oman and Thailand, in addition to the ‘India. Thursday’s meeting is coordinated by the Indian Navy, which chairs the IONS Working Group on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR).

“Amid the growing presence of the Chinese military in the Indian Ocean region, the IONS initiative has grown tremendously and currently enjoys wide acceptance throughout the Indian Ocean region,” said said a senior naval officer, adding that in addition to strengthening regional security, the cooperative is a forum for discussion on regional maritime issues, and also serves to develop an effective response mechanism against natural disasters.

“Over the past few years, three IONS Working Groups (IWGs) have advanced their work in the areas of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR), maritime security and information sharing and interoperability, ”added an officer.

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Thursday’s IWG HADR meeting was scheduled via video conference and would be opened by Vice Admiral Dinesh K. Tripathi, Director General of Naval Operations, Indian Navy. During the meeting, participants would share their experiences, including lessons learned while conducting HADR operations undertaken in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

A few days ago, while addressing the Global Security Dialogue Summit on developments in the Indo-Pacific, the Chief of the Defense Staff, General Bipin Rawat, stressed that in recent years, China’s economic and military boom, coupled with competition to increase its influence in the region, has attracted a lot of attention. “At present, there are over 120 warships of extra-regional forces deployed in the Indian Ocean region (IOR) in support of various missions. So far, on the whole, the region has remained peaceful, although contested, ”he said, while adding that we need to build capacity to execute operations in response to requests from friendly foreign countries like HADR, search and rescue, protection of vital communication routes (SLOCS), non-combat evacuation operations and robust protection of our island territories. “


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