CREWS commits additional funds to strengthen early warning systems in the Caribbean – World
Author: Manuela De San Pablo
Different and multiple hazards, such as extreme weather conditions on land and at sea, droughts, hurricanes, floods and earthquakes pose a serious threat to the Caribbean, which is one of the world’s most more prone to disasters. Geological and hydro-meteorological hazards combined have affected more than 100 million people in the region, causing significant economic losses and casualties.
The development of early warning systems has been identified by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement as a key pathway to prevent disasters. disasters and reduce the negative impacts of multiple hazards.
According to UNDRR’s definition, multi-hazard early warning systems are “an integrated system of risk monitoring, forecasting and forecasting, disaster risk assessment, systems and processes of communication activities and preparedness that enables individuals, communities, governments, businesses and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risk before hazardous events”.
The Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems Initiative (CREWS) is a mechanism that provides financial support to Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to establish climate-informed early warning services. risks, implemented by three partners, on the basis of operational procedures. CREWS recently donated an additional $1 million to support the Strengthening Hydro-Meteorological and Early Warning Services in the Caribbean project, to be implemented by UNDRR in 2022.
The project aims to strengthen early warning services (EWS) in the Caribbean and articulate the response capacity of individuals, institutions and communities through the development of a regional strategy to strengthen and streamline early warning services. and hydrometeorological. This includes developing appropriate approaches for informed decision-making on EWS risks, identifying gaps in risk assessment at regional and national levels, and assessing the resilience of already existing infrastructure such as forecast centres, shelters and national meteorological and hydrological services. The project will also examine opportunities for creating partnerships with the private sector and assess the socio-economic benefits to ensure the sustainability of investments and activities.
This project aligns with the Sendai Framework and focuses on the implementation of Goal G, which aims to “significantly increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and risk information and assessments catastrophe for populations by 2030″. The Sendai 7 campaign for the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2022 will focus on this same target. Ensuring access to multi-hazard early warning systems in the Caribbean is seen as a tool that enables individuals, communities, governments, businesses and other stakeholders to take timely action to reduce disaster risk before dangerous events.
It is also a pressing issue, as revealed in the Regional Assessment Report on Disaster Risk in Latin America and the Caribbean (RAR21), published last year: “In the short and medium term, the The occurrence of new mega-disasters in the region is almost inevitable given the extreme risk inherent in it. There is therefore an urgent need to strengthen corrective and reactive management capacities, in particular early warning, preparedness and response systems.